Background to the programme
The Pact Metropole Nord association works for social integration linked to housing, maintaining housing and the fight against access difficulties. Their "Coup de pouce habitat" project was first put in place in Wattrelos following the renovation of certain buildings. This renovation work led to families in precarious situations moving to new housing, which was a source of concern. Faced with this situation, projects to learn to reorganise and take ownership of the interiors of the houses were put in place. This project fits into the social component of the National Agency for Urban Renewal (ANRU).
Objectives of the programme
- Promote a positive appropriation of housing
- Educate and train on small interior worksites
- Develop mutual assistance and cooperation
- Develop autonomy and participation
1) Signing of an employment contract by the people supported (tenants or owners) with the Pact Metropole Nord according to the following conditions:
- Benefit from support by a social worker
- Benefit from the social minimum allowance
- Have difficulties in taking ownership of and investing in housing
2) Individual actions: support for the renovation of housing through worksites
- Principle: struggling families participating in the renovation of some rooms in their homes. They can be trained on interior work sites.
- The help can be physical or financial. Pact Métropole provides the equipment and labour required for the sites. Each site hosts a mixed team of workers used to working in busy milieus, with a pedagogy of "working together" and participation. The families sign a contract that engages them to participate in the renovation work. Each project lasts for one week (except Wednesday) or 4 days. In advance of the project, the family is asked to get rid of furniture and/or remove wallpaper when necessary (unless there’s a health problem, then the workers do the work).
- During the project: the family participates according to their abilities in the various tasks by learning the techniques used (primer, paints, laying fiberglass ...).
The entire construction process: guiding the candidate, carrying out the project, does not take more than two months.
3) Collective actions: 2 "tool libraries" in Wattrelos managed by locals with the help of a social worker, to share know-how and tools: this support is carried out in addition to the collective actions since each family benefits simultaneously from activities that refine their knowledge and create small objects for interior decorations. Finally, families also have the information and tools form the “tool library”.
The duration of the support is up to 6 months maximum, the assessment included.
Quantitative and qualitative results from the implemented actions
- Since 2010, 205 projects completed
- Impact of decorating and taking ownership of the housing:
* Residents self-esteem: highlighting the skills in renovating and maintaining housing without having recourse to the help of a professional
* Reactivating social support: social representatives have observed changes in family behaviour in terms of involvement and the objectives of the support
* Improvement in their social life
* Assistance and cooperation between residents
The average cost of an intervention is €1,300, and the maximum size for the renovated room is 30 m2.
The people in difficulty are actively involved in the renovation of their homes. The help to solve their housing problems is both individual and collective.
Partnership(s) developed in the context of the programme
The integration association IMM 'PACT
Difficulties and/or obstacles encountered during the programme’s implementation :
- Sustainability of funding
- Articulation of individual action (the work sites) and the collective actions in each region
Solutions used to overcome the difficulties and/or obstacles :
- Search for multi-year funding
- Introduce a contractual approach to the collective action, the contracted service offer could then understand both dimensions.
Suggestions for future improvement :
- Strengthen the collective actions to promote the creation of social ties and people’s independence
- Strengthen the mutual support and solidarity dynamic in families by improving and optimising local skills
Summary of factors responsible for the programme’s success :
- Partnership approach
- Ensure the active involvement of the people supported, in this case by signing an employment contract
- Modelling. Tools have been developed and are available.
- Highlighting and communication of the initiative and the people involved.
- Spreading the initiative involves thinking about ordinary state funding.
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